The types of supports that may be funded by the NDIS are wide ranging and depend on your individual needs. They may include things like supports in the home, allied health and help to participate in the community or at work.

The NDIS funds “reasonable and necessary supports“ relating to your disability to help you live an ordinary life and achieve your goals.

Any items or services purchased with your NDIS funding must be because of your disability, good value for money and likely to be beneficial for you.

For example, not every NDIS participant will be able to access lawn mowing support through their NDIS Plan. If getting someone to mow your lawn is considered “reasonable and necessary” because you are unable to mow your own lawn due to your disability, you may be able to access lawn mowing services through your NDIS Plan.

Some examples of the types of supports the NDIS may pay for are listed below.

Supports to help you participate in the community.

  • Someone to drive you to community programs or medical appointments
  • Personal care while you are out in the community
  • A support worker to help you to access public transport to attend activities in the community
  • Some community programs and activities.

Allied health supports.

  • Psychology
  • Physiotherapy
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Dietitians and Diet Plan development
  • Occupational therapy
  • Podiatry
  • Behavioural supports.

Assistive technology.

  • Low cost items such as non-slip bath mats
  • Kitchen aids
  • Vibrating alarms and smoke alarms
  • Pressure mattresses
  • Handrails and bath seats
  • Wheelchairs and other mobility aids.

Help around the house.

  • Help with meal preparation
  • Cleaning, washing and ironing
  • Offsite meal preparation and delivery services (excluding food costs)
  • Lawn mowing and garden maintenance.

Personal care.

  • Assistance with every activities such as getting out of bed and showering
  • Dressing and grooming
  • Help with toileting
  • Eating and drinking
  • 24/7 and overnight care
  • Respite care
  • Help to use aids, communication and hearing devices.

Capacity building supports.

  • Programs, activities and support to help you learn new skills and become more independent
  • Therapy to help build physical or mental wellbeing
  • Learning budgeting skills so you can look after your own money and household expenses
  • Improving language and communication skills
  • Driver assessments
  • Driving lessons to help you learn how to drive a modified vehicle
  • Developing social skills so you can become more active in your community.

Employment-related supports.

  • Building foundational skills like communication
  • Managing complex barriers to employment
  • Specialised job customisation
  • On the job training
  • Support for school leavers with a disability to develop skills and build confidence
  • Workplace assessments and counselling
  • Career planning and development.

Home and vehicle modifications.

Obtaining funding for home and modifications can be complicated. Every case is different and it can be challenging to determine what is reasonable and necessary when it comes to your NDIS funding.

An assessment by a qualified professional is usually required including an exploration of all the possible alternatives. Home or vehicle modifications require a quote and must be stated in your NDIS Plan in order to use your NDIS funding to purchase them.

Home modifications may include:

  • Changes to the structure, layout or fittings of your home so you can safely access it and move around comfortably
  • Installation of ramps and other access improvements
  • Platform lifts and hoists
  • Widening of spaces such as bathrooms and showers
  • Changes to electrical wiring to meet your disability requirements
  • Kitchen joinery modifications.

Vehicle modifications may include:

  • Changes to a vehicle, or the installation of equipment in a vehicle that enable a participant to access, use and operate the vehicle
  • Technology that helps you get in and out of the vehicle
  • Technology that helps you carry a wheelchair on or in a vehicle
  • Specialised controls.

Other supports.

  • Art therapy
  • Music therapy
  • Equine therapy.

Items the NDIS does not fund.

The NDIS does not fund supports that can be provided by other government or mainstream services such as hospital care, community mental health services, immunisation, rehabilitation, medication, unemployment benefits and child care.

  • Everyday items such as toiletries and cleaning products
  • Food or groceries
  • Medications
  • Diagnosis
  • Mental illness early intervention
  • School, TAFE or university fees
  • The cost of housing – for example rent or mortgage payments
  • Ongoing repairs or home maintenance
  • Motor vehicles (though it may fund modifications to motor vehicles)
  • Entry fees to cinemas or attractions.